additional year, up to a maximum of eight weeks.
In Quebec, unlike in other provinces, employees
who have been on the job for t wo or more years of uninterrupted service with the same frm gain an added
level of job security. Once an individual reaches this
benchmark period, he or she can be let go only for just
cause or due to economic or technological changes.
Canadian parents receive
by law than their U.S.
neighbors. “This can be a
challenge―or at least requires a good heads-up―
One signifcant diference between the maternity/
paternity in the two countries is the role of the government. “In the United States, employees depend
on their employers to provide substantial paid time
of. In Canada, employees look to the government for
assistance,” says Lisa Durante, founder and strategic
consultant at Lisa Durante International Inc., a consultancy for working mothers in Toronto.
In the U.S., the Family and Medical Leave Act
provides certain workers up to 12 weeks of unpaid,
job-protected leave per year for family and medical
reasons. But, increasingly, U. S. workers—particularly
those from the Millennial generation, who are start-
ing to have children—are driving demand for more
fexibility and time of for caregiving. That’s why lead-
ers at organizations of all sizes are responding with
better benefts, including extended maternity leave
and fnancial assistance during the time of. “As with
other health and wellness-related benefts, parental
leave policies are a key diferentiator to attract and
retain talent,” Durante says.
In Canada, primary caregivers often take a year of
leave after the birth of a child. Some of that is paid
time of, which is provided through an employment
insurance program administered by the federal gov-
ernment. “During this time, not only are parents’ jobs
protected; they are compensated,” Durante says.
Birth mothers receive 15 to 17 weeks of maternity
leave. Both parents―same-sex couples, opposite-gen-der couples and adoptive parents―can take a total of
27 to 35 weeks of parental leave and split it however
they choose. In both cases, qualifying parents can receive 55 percent of their income, up to a maximum of
$547 (in Canadian dollars) per week, for a 12-month
period, Durante says.
Quebec ofers parents a more robust fnancial
plan―$900 a week―compared with other jurisdictions. And it is the only province that grants fathers
an additional fve weeks of paternity leave beyond
As of December 2017, Canadians with new chil-
*All amounts are in Canadian dollars.
Source: Retail Council of Canada.
MINIMUM PAY RISING ACROSS CANADA
Alberta: $13.60 per hour,
effective Oct. 1, 2017 (up
from $12.20). It will go up
to $15 on Oct. 1, 2018.
Ontario: $14, as of Jan.
1, 2018 (up from $11.60).
It will rise to $15 on Jan.
Quebec: $12, effective
May 1, 2018 (up from
British Columbia: $12.65*
per hour, effective June 1,
2018 (up from $11.35), with
further increases to $13.85
on June 1, 2019, $14.60 on
June 1, 2020, and $15.20 on
June 1, 2021.